The itinerary winds along the road that connects Trapani to Marsala.
The "saliculture" was born with the aim of obtaining salt from the sea. A technique imported by the Phoenicians and improved by the Arabs.
The favorable climatic conditions such as low water, high temperature and constant wind favor the evaporation of the water and help to create the suggestive atmosphere of the salt pans. A panorama to be enjoyed, especially at sunset, when everything is tinged with red and the pools are transformed into mirrors shining with unique colors.
Nubia Salt Museum
The first stop on the salt road, coming from Trapani, is certainly the Nubia Salt Museum. It is a 300-year-old former salt factory where the phases of salt processing are illustrated and old tools such as mill gears, blades, toothed wheels, pins and pinions are showcased.
Trapani and Paceco Salt Pans
The visit of the Saline Reserve begins at the Maria Stella Mill, an ancient mill now transformed into a reception center for visitors, where the traditional salt extraction technique is explained in detail.
Walking along the edges of the pools in the hours before sunset, visitors have the opportunity to enjoy an immersive nature experience. The brackish environment is home to numerous herbaceous and shrub species such as the tasty Salicornia, Fiorancio, Enula and the Malta mushroom. But what is most fascinating is certainly the variety of birds that find refreshment here.
The wetland is home to more than 208 species of birds, both sedentary and migratory, including colonies of flamingos, white and gray herons, egrets, Italian knights, cormorants, wild ducks and seagulls.
The Salt Pans of the Lagoon
Proceeding along the coastal road towards Marsala, visitors can make a stop to visit the Stagnone Nature Reserve, which is home to the so-called “Salt pans of the Lagoon”.
The Mill, a true jewel of industrial archeology, has recently been turned into an interesting and attractive point of interest. Among the activities and visiting experiences available, in addition to the guided tour among the salt pans, is the "salt worker experience" which allows visitors to enter the tanks and take part in the collection of the salt.
Here, it is also possible to take a boat to tour the Stagnone Lagoon and the island of Mozia with its museum.